The London Airport system comprising the main airports Heathrow, Gatwick, and Stansted is running short of runways and terminal capacity which leads to congested airports with delays and long waiting times both for the passengers and for the airline operators. Furthermore, London is losing the lead position as one of the main transfer hubs between particularly North American and European destinations and as a gateway to Asia due to the capacity constraints.
Different solutions have been discussed during the last decade including additional runways in the existing airports and alternatively a completely new mega airports located for instance on a reclaimed island in the estuary of the river Thames. Transport for London commissioned several studies in 2012-13 to provide a solid input and contribution to the so called Davis Commission which will finally advise the British Government about the preferred solution and location of the required future London airport capacity.
Ramboll was in 2013 assigned to several teams involved in the comprehensive project work including different feasibility studies, market studies, and transport studies.